Topic outline

  • Teacher Resources

    The Hero Among Heroes



    “I blinked out the desperate message over and over.  TORTURE….TORTURE…”


    Film on Jeremiah Denton from Alabama Public Television

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    On July 18, 1965, U.S. Navy Commander Jeremiah Denton took off from the aircraft carrier USS Independence leading a 28-plane mission over the city of Thanh Hoa in North Vietnam. Denton’s plane was hit by anti-aircraft fire during the attack, and for the next eight long years, he would battle the North Vietnamese as a prisoner of war in the infamous Hanoi Hilton. As the senior American officer at the prison, Denton was forced by the North Vietnamese to participate in a press conference and told he must say the POWs were being treated well. Looking haggard, weak and beaten from the severe punishment he had undergone, Denton took advantage of that opportunity however, to send a secret message home, blinking out the letters T-O-R-T-U-R-E in Morse code.

    In this new APT original film, JEREMIAH, family, friends, and fellow POWs help tell the story of this American hero who led the way for prisoners in Hanoi and returned from Vietnam to become a U.S. Senator from Alabama. Six of Denton’s children are interviewed: Jeremiah III, James, Don, Mike, Mary and Madeleine. Other interviewees include Senate staffer Joel Lisker, who worked for Denton; Alvin Townley, author of Defiant; and Heath Hardige Lee, who is writing a history of the POW wives and the POW/MIA movement.


    Along with Denton, the three veterans interviewed in the film - Robert Shumaker, James Muligan and George Coker - were part of the Alcatraz Eleven, a group of hardline resistors that the Vietnamese removed from the Hanoi Hilton and sent to a worse prison that the POW's named Alcatraz.  There they spent two and a half years in solitary confinement in cells that were 3 1/2 feet wide and 9 feet tall with solid walls and a solid door.


    To help viewers picture the conditions Denton and fellow prisoners were living in, JEREMIAH’s producer, Mark Fastoso, asked skilled theater designer Paige Hathaway to create miniatures of the hallways and cells of the North Vietnamese prisons. Director of photography Dennis Boni used his skills to make them look like the real thing.


    JEREMIAH also tells the story of what was happening back home to Denton’s wife, Jane, and their seven children, who wondered if he would ever return as they faced the turbulent social changes of the 1960’s. Jane Denton managed to overcome her grief at her husband’s imprisonment by becoming an activist and helping to start the POW/MIA Movement which was partially responsible for the Vietnamese ending their program of torture.


    JEREMIAH explores the power of faith in unbelievable circumstances, and the qualities of leadership Jeremiah Denton brought to the difficult task of guiding fellow POWs to survive years of imprisonment and torture. In the end, it leaves no doubt that Denton was “The Hero Among Heroes.”

    1. Jeremiah Denton, who blinked 'torture' on TV as Vietnam POW, and served Alabama as U.S. senator, dead at 89 article

    2. Blinking Eyes Send a Morse Code Message  Awesome Stories

  • The Alcatraz Eleven

    1.  The Alcatraz Eleven PDF file from Alvin Townley about the 11 POWs  exiled and isolated during the Vietnam War in a place they called Alcatraz.

    2.  The Alcatraz Gang: Eleven American POWs in Hanoi’s Notorious Camp  article from World Affairs

    3.  Alcatraz 11: Vietnam’s “Defiant” POWs   audio recording with guests Robert Shumaker  and Alvin Townley

    4. Robert Shumaker--HOUSE PROUD; A Home Born In the Hanoi Hilton

    5. James Mulligan Experiencing War: Stories from the Veterans History Project-Library of Congress      The Hanoi Commitment

    6. George Coker Our POWs: Locked up for 6 years, he unlocked a spirit inside

    • Books

      Books by or about Jeremiah Denton, Jr.

      1. When Hell was in Session by Jeremiah Denton, Jr. 

      Book Discussion on When Hell Was in Session 

      C-Span  Jeremiah Denton, Jr. discusses his book about his experiences as a POW during the Vietnam War.

      2. Defiant  The POWs Who Endured Vietnam’s Most Infamous Prison, the Women Who Fought for Them, and the One Who Never Returned  by Alvin Townley

      Book Discussion on Defiant

      C-Span  Alvin Townley discusses his book about POW's during the Vietnam War.

      Limits of Endurance ‘Defiant,’ by Alvin Townley 

      Sunday Book Review

       of talk by author Alvin Townley

      3.  Honor Bound: history of the POWs in Southeast Asia by Stuart I. Rochester, ‎Frederick T. Kiley

      Booknotes interview with the co-author Stuart Rochester 

      History Book Review: Honor Bound: American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973

      4.  Author Heath Hardage Lee   is writing a history of the POW wives and the POW/MIA movement. 


      • Movie

        Movie--When Hell Was in Session-based  Navy Commander Jeremiah Denton's experience as a Vietnam prisoner of war.

        • Speech

          Vietnam POWs Return Home  

          speech by Jeremiah Denton Jr.'s as the first POW off the plane following the end of the Vietnam War.

          • PBS LearningMedia resources

            1. Vietnam War Stories collection of 13 videos  Grades 6-12

            2. Remembering the End of the Vietnam War, 40 Years Later  video grades 7-12 

            3.  American Experience: Last Days in Vietnam  collection 7 videos   grades 9-12

            4. Facing It, by Yusef Komunyakaa  poetry video about the Vietnam War Memorial  grades 7-12


            • PBS resources

              1. American Experience  Vietnam Online  collection of materials including primary sources and a teacher's guide

              2.  Battlefield Vietnam    timelines and web resources

              3.  VIETNAM WAR STORIES  Vietnam Veterans Recount Their War Experiences

              4.  Teacher's Guide to Return with Honor stories of POWs from Vietnam War

              5. Maya Lin--Vietnam War Memorial artist